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Weekly Market Recap: US Dollar Index Rebounds Amid Bond Yields Surge

Weekly Market Recap: US Dollar Index Rebounds Amid Bond Yields Surge

The US Dollar Index (DXY), a key measure of the USD’s value against a basket of currencies, experienced a notable rebound after hitting its weakest level in three weeks. This resurgence was primarily fueled by a rise in Treasury bond yields, which prompted a flat close on Thursday before stabilizing near the 104.00 mark early on Friday. Amidst these fluctuations, various economic indicators and geopolitical tensions played significant roles in shaping the currency’s trajectory.

Rising Treasury Yields Propel US Dollar Index Recovery

The USD Index saw a resurgence amidst a backdrop of climbing Treasury bond yields. Notably, the benchmark 10-year US yield surged to its highest level since late November, reaching 4.35%. This uptick in yields helped the USD erase its daily losses, reflecting investor sentiment sensitive to interest rate movements.

Technology Stocks Drive Risk Rally

A risk rally, fueled by surging technology stocks, contributed to the weakening of the USD against major rivals on Thursday. Indices like the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the Nasdaq Composite experienced notable gains, with the S&P 500 closing at a new all-time high of 5,087. However, the USD’s decline was reversed later in the American session as rising yields bolstered its position.

Fed’s Stance on Interest Rates

Federal Reserve Governor Christopher Waller’s remarks underscored the central bank’s cautious approach towards interest rate adjustments. He emphasized the importance of careful risk management in light of stronger-than-expected inflation data. The Fed remains committed to its goal of achieving 2% inflation and indicated a reluctance to rush into rate cuts, preferring to wait for more substantial evidence.

Mixed Economic Data Impact on US Dollar Index

Despite upbeat manufacturing PMI and labor data, the USD Index failed to gain traction. The US Department of Labor reported a decline in initial jobless claims to 201K, while continuing claims also fell to 1.862M, both below expectations. Additionally, the flash US Manufacturing PMI reached a 17-month high of 51.5 in February, but the Services PMI moderated to 51.3, below projections.

Read more: Market Focus: PMI Data Releases and Their Impact on Currency Trading

Geopolitical Tensions Support USD Index

Rising tensions in the Middle East added support to the USD Index, with geopolitical uncertainties often favoring traditional safe-haven currencies like the US dollar. Incidents such as Houthi rebels launching missiles at a UK-registered cargo ship in the Gulf of Arden highlighted the region’s volatility, influencing currency markets.

Upcoming Economic Indicators and Market Focus

Looking ahead, market attention will be drawn to key economic indicators impacting the USD Index. Notable releases include the US Gross Domestic Product Annualized for Q4, expected to remain steady at 3.3%. Additionally, the Core Personal Consumption Expenditures Price Index (Core PCE) and ISM Manufacturing PMI for February will provide further insights into the health of the US economy.


The recent volatility in the USD Index reflects a complex interplay of economic data, geopolitical developments, and central bank policies. While rising Treasury yields supported the currency’s rebound, mixed economic indicators and geopolitical tensions added layers of uncertainty. As market participants await fresh catalysts and economic data releases, the USD Index is poised to remain sensitive to shifting dynamics both domestically and globally.


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