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China Manufacturing PMI Slows Down Again In October

China Manufacturing PMI Slows Down Again In October

China manufacturing PMI activity experienced a further decline in November, falling short of expectations and indicating increased challenges stemming from weakening overseas demand. The National Bureau of Statistics revealed that the official manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) reached 49.4 for November, disappointing forecasts of 49.6 and dropping from the preceding month’s 49.5.

Economic Contraction: A Persistent Trend

The continual contraction, marked by a reading below 50, persists, with the manufacturing PMI contracting for six out of the 11 months in 2023. This decline mainly stems from a sustained decrease in overseas demand for Chinese products, impacting new orders and production levels significantly.

China Manufacturing PMI Impact On Economy

The global economic landscape, particularly in major export markets like the U.S., Japan, and the euro zone, continues to struggle with dwindling consumer spending. These challenges further dampened China’s manufacturing sector, affecting overall business activity levels.

Simultaneously, the non-manufacturing sector exhibited signs of struggle, growing at a slower pace than expected in November. The non-manufacturing PMI grew to 50.2, missing projections of 51.1, and declining from the previous month’s reading of 50.6. This decline indicates a potential correlation between the non-manufacturing sector’s slowdown and the slump in manufacturing activity.

Also Read: Thailand Employment Growth at Weakest in 5 Quarters

Composite China manufacturing PMI Signals Concern

China’s composite PMI also saw a dip to 50.4 from the prior month’s 50.7, indicating a precarious proximity to contraction territory. This downward trend highlights the overall decline in Chinese business activity.

Despite efforts to boost domestic demand and economic stability, challenges persist. Increased caution in Chinese consumer spending resulted in the country slipping back into disinflation territory in October.

Seeking Government Support

Investors are urging targeted fiscal measures from Chinese authorities to stimulate growth. Beijing plans a 1 trillion yuan ($140 billion) bond issuance to bolster infrastructure spending.

The property sector remains a significant concern, affecting various industries from furniture to home appliances due to declining home sales. Services, a key driver of recovery, also showed signs of tapering off, impacting consumer spending.

Also Read: German PMI Rose Sharply to 42.3 in November

The disappointing PMI figures have heightened expectations for additional government support to revitalize the economy. Experts anticipate ongoing policy support in the coming months to counteract the slowdown in various sectors, including potential policy rate adjustments and fiscal stimulus.


While China manufacturing PMI aims for a growth target of around 5% in 2023, concerns persist regarding sustaining momentum amid economic headwinds. The evolving situation underscores the need for proactive measures to navigate through the current economic challenges.


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