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Bitcoin This Week: Navigating Volatility Amidst FOMC and Macro Events

Bitcoin This Week: Navigating Volatility Amidst FOMC and Macro Events

The world of Bitcoin faces a pivotal week as it grapples with a rollercoaster ride in prices, poised between $49,000 and $38,000. As the cryptocurrency heads into the first monthly close of 2024, a flurry of macroeconomic activities in the United States, including the Federal Reserve’s decisions and political developments, adds an extra layer of uncertainty. Against this backdrop, the launch of the first U.S. spot Bitcoin exchange-traded funds (ETFs) still reverberates in discussions. Additionally, Bitcoin network fundamentals are gearing up for a resurgence, with mining difficulty projected to hit all-time highs. This article dissects the major factors influencing Bitcoin and the broader crypto market as it ventures into February.

Bitcoin Full Circle Journey in January

Bitcoin’s recent trajectory reflects a round trip to its yearly starting point, reaching as high as $49,000 and as low as $38,000 within the month. As the first monthly close of 2024 approaches, the crypto community braces for potential volatility. Traders are cautiously optimistic, with signals pointing to a relief bounce, yet concerns linger about the possibility of lower lows in the future.

FOMC and U.S. Macro Events

The focus shifts to the U.S. Federal Reserve’s decisions, especially in the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting ending January 31. Despite issues in Chinese markets and challenges for Evergrande, the primary attention is on the U.S. interest rates and broader economic policy. With expectations of minimal surprises in this month’s FOMC meeting, the government’s handling of regional bank stability remains a critical factor, with potential implications for Bitcoin prices.

Read more: Bitcoin Price Hits $43,000 as GBTC Outflows Show Improvement

Mining Difficulty Resumes All-Time High Streak

Bitcoin’s network fundamentals are set for an “up only” trajectory, with mining difficulty expected to increase by 4%. This comes after a recent drop of 3.9%, attributed to uncertainty regarding ETF flows. The hash rate, indicative of processing power deployed to the Bitcoin blockchain, has surged by 10% in the past week. As discussions revolve around the upcoming block subsidy halving event in April, concerns about the financial viability of major mining operations persist.

Bitcoin Speculators and Market Reversal

Examining the recent market reversal, speculators, or short-term holders (STHs), play a crucial role. At $38,800, which marks the aggregate realized price for STHs, the support level becomes evident. Data suggests that investor cohorts, on average, are paying more to acquire BTC, indicating a more sustainable bull run. The retreat from $49,000 witnessed a mass exit among STHs, contributing to the ongoing market dynamics.

Crypto Market Sentiment Nears Three-Month Lows

Sell-side pressure from entities like the defunct exchange FTX and concerns surrounding the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust have impacted market sentiment. The Crypto Fear & Greed Index reveals a three-month low in sentiment as of January 24. While this index serves as a lagging indicator, it reflects the nervous disposition among investors, especially following the launch of ETFs.


As Bitcoin navigates through a week laden with macroeconomic events, the crypto community finds itself at a crossroads. The interplay between FOMC decisions, mining dynamics, speculator behavior, and market sentiment sets the stage for a potentially eventful February. Bitcoin’s resilience and ability to weather these challenges will undoubtedly be closely monitored, shaping the narrative for the cryptocurrency landscape in the coming weeks.

Read more: Market Week Ahead: FOMC, BoE, and NFP Highlight This Week’s Economic Calendar


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