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10 Sectors of S&P 500 Suffer Their Worst Month In 2024

10 Sectors of S&P 500 Suffer Their Worst Month In 2024

In April 2024, the S&P 500 index encountered significant turbulence, experiencing its most daunting month of the year. Across the board, 10 Sectors of S&P 500 Suffer,ten out of the eleven sectors comprising the index faced notable declines, reflecting a broader market downturn. Both the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq Composite registered losses of 4.2% and 4.4%, respectively, marking their first monthly declines since October. Simultaneously, the Dow Jones Industrial Average recorded a substantial 5% drop, its most significant percentage decline since September 2022.

10 Sectors of S&P 500 Suffer: Real Estate and Healthcare Lead the Downturn

Leading the downturn were the real estate and healthcare sectors, which plummeted by 8.6% and 5.2%, respectively. This decline represented the most significant setback for the real estate sector since September 2022 and for healthcare since August 2022. Additionally, sectors such as information technology and communication services saw declines of 5.5% and 2.2%, respectively, while the consumer discretionary sector fell by 4.4%.

Market Sentiment and Monetary Policy

Initially, investors anticipated substantial interest rate cuts by the central bank in 2024 to alleviate concerns surrounding inflation. However, unexpectedly high inflation data in April prompted a reevaluation of these expectations. Some speculated that rate cuts might not occur until September or later, contributing to heightened market volatility.

Impact on Treasury Yields and Currency Markets

This shift in perception led to an increase in Treasury bond yields and the strengthening of the U.S. dollar. The 2-year Treasury yield rose to 5.043%, its highest level since November, while the 10-year Treasury yield experienced its most substantial monthly increase since September 2022.

10 Sectors of S&P 500 Suffer: Utilities Sector Performance

Amidst the market turmoil, certain sectors outperformed, with the utilities sector notably posting a 1.6% gain. Historically, May marks the beginning of a weaker period for stocks, prompting investors to consider the adage “sell in May and go away.” However, historical data suggests that rotating between sectors rather than completely exiting equity positions may be a more prudent strategy.

Sectoral Rotation Strategy: Historical Insights

Since 1990, sectors such as consumer discretionary, industrials, materials, and technology have outperformed during the November-April period. Conversely, defensive sectors like consumer staples and healthcare have fared better during May-October. Adopting a rotational strategy between these sectors has historically yielded higher returns with lower volatility compared to the S&P 500 index.


The challenges faced by the S&P 500 in April 2024 underscore the importance of sectoral analysis and strategic rotation amidst market uncertainty. Investors must carefully monitor sectoral performance and consider historical trends to navigate turbulent market conditions effectively. By adopting a diversified approach and adjusting their portfolios based on sectoral dynamics, investors can mitigate risks and capitalize on opportunities in ever-changing market environments.


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