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Will Canadian CPI Data Offer The Loonie Any Support?

Will Canadian CPI Data Offer The Loonie Any Support?

Inflation trends in Canada, as indicated by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) data, play a significant role in shaping the monetary policy decisions of the Bank of Canada (BoC) and influencing the performance of the Canadian dollar, known as the loonie, in currency markets. This article explores how recent Canadian CPI data and other economic indicators are shaping expectations regarding the Canadian dollar’s trajectory.


  • Inflation in Canada is above the target set by the Bank of Canada, making it difficult for them to make policy decisions.
  • The strong labor market is also making it difficult for the Bank of Canada to make policy decisions.
  • The trajectory of the Canadian dollar depends on multiple factors, including the upcoming CPI data.

The Long Fight to Reach Inflation Targets

The BoC has been diligently striving to bring inflation within its target range of 1-3%. Despite making progress, inflation has remained stubbornly above 3.0% since the summer, prompting concerns and necessitating ongoing policy adjustments. The recent CPI figures have hovered around the 3-4% range, indicating a challenging environment for policymakers.

Will Canadian CPI Data Ease Back in January?

The upcoming release of January CPI data is awaited with anticipation, as it may provide insights into whether inflationary pressures are easing. Market expectations suggest a moderate decrease in the annual CPI rate to 3.2% year-on-year (y/y) from the December figure of 3.4% y/y. However, a decline within this range may not prompt immediate dovish actions from the BoC.

The Problem with a Strong Labour Market

Canada’s robust labour market, characterized by low unemployment rates and elevated wage growth, presents a dilemma for policymakers. Despite a slight uptick in the unemployment rate, wage growth remains notably high. This situation constrains the BoC’s ability to adopt a less cautious stance on monetary policy.

Housing Market Turnaround and Its Implications

Amidst a slowdown in economic growth, concerns persist regarding the potential resurgence of the housing market, which could exert upward pressure on shelter costs. As shelter costs are a significant contributor to inflation, policymakers are closely monitoring developments in the property sector.

Can the Loonie Stage a Rebound with Insights from Canadian CPI Data?

The performance of the Canadian dollar against its US counterpart, often influenced by CPI data and monetary policy expectations, has been under scrutiny. Weaker-than-expected CPI readings could further weigh on the loonie, potentially pushing the dollar/loonie pair higher. Conversely, positive surprises in CPI data may offer temporary support to the loonie, although broader dynamics, including oil prices, continue to influence its trajectory.


The forthcoming Canadian CPI data release holds significance for both monetary policy outlook and currency market dynamics. While inflation trends and economic indicators provide valuable insights, other factors such as labour market conditions and housing market dynamics also shape the broader economic landscape and influence the performance of the Canadian dollar. Investors and policymakers alike will closely analyze the CPI data to gauge the trajectory of the loonie and anticipate potential shifts in monetary policy stance.


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